What is a data breach or leak?

Tens of millions of people around the world become victims of data leaks every year. Users of the network are losing a lot of money because of fraudsters who use their data illegally. In this article, we will analyze the ways of data breaches and how you can protect yourself from them.

What is a data breach?

In today's world, our digital data costs much more than we can imagine. Various online platforms and services are ready to provide us with their services "for free" so that we can enter email, phone numbers, and social network accounts in the registration form.

By allowing Internet companies to follow us, we instead have access to the information, entertainment, communication, and other benefits of the digital world. But very often people get access to personal data unilaterally. According to statistics from the American company IdentityForce, in 2019 the victims of identity theft were almost 15 million users, who lost a total of more than $ 1.9 billion.

With the help of these data, criminals gain access to customers' bank accounts, carry out financial transactions on their behalf, blackmail their victims, trade information from users in shadow networks – there are even databases of stolen unsuspecting people.

The accumulation of a huge amount of information on the web has led to its vulnerability on the part of people who own this information and who want to get it. Employees of many online companies and services can sell user databases to attackers or make them vulnerable to hacker attacks. During the massive information leaks that happen almost every day these days, databases with phone numbers, passport information, and financial history are quickly found on the market in Darknet.

Information leakage protection

The effectiveness of a business in many cases depends on maintaining the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. Currently, one of the most pressing threats in the field of information security is the leakage of confidential data from unauthorized actions of users.

This is because most traditional protections, such as antivirus, firewalls, and authentication systems, fail to provide effective protection against internal intruders. The purpose of such violators (insiders) is to transfer information outside the Company for the purpose of its further unauthorized use – sale, its publication in the public domain, etc.

Thus, most companies use innovative digital technologies to keep business data safe. The most popular are:

  • Data Leakage Protection (DLP)

DLP systems usually use three methods of identification: probabilistic, deterministic, and combined. Systems based on the first method mostly use linguistic content analysis and "digital prints" of data. Such systems are easy to implement, but not effective enough and are characterized by a high level of false positives. To prevent leakage of confidential information.

Within the framework of creating such systems the following tasks are solved:

  • prevention of leakage of confidential information through the main data transmission channels:
  • outgoing web traffic (HTTP, FTP, P2P, etc.)
  • outgoing e-mail, internal e-mail
  • instant messaging systems, network, and local printing.
  • Virtual data room

It is a universal and flexible platform with a modern interface for creating high-performance solutions for automating workflow and business processes of companies in various business areas. The software ensures secure data storage for business-critical documents and reliable collaboration between contractors. Data room uses the following security measures to avoid data breaches: data encryption, two-factor authentication, differentiation of user rights.